Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Papers,
Copenhagen Business School, Department of Economics

No 4-2018: The Role of Institutions and Networks in Firms' Offshoring Decisions

Simone Moriconi, Giovanni Peri and Dario Pozzoli ()
Additional contact information
Dario Pozzoli: Department of Economics, Copenhagen Business School, Postal: Copenhagen Business School, Department of Economics, Porcelaenshaven 16 A. 1. floor, DK-2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark

Abstract: The offshoring of production by multinational firms has expanded dramatically in recent decades, increasing the potential for economic growth and technological transfers. What determines the location of such offshore production? How do the policies and characteristics of countries affect these decisions? Do firms choose specific countries because of their policies or because they are more familiar with them? In this paper, we use a very rich dataset on Danish firms to analyze how their decisions regarding offshore production depend on institutional characteristics and firm-specific bilateral connections with these countries. We find that institutions that enhance investor protections and reduce corruption increase the probability of offshoring, while those that introduce regulatory constraints in the labor market discourage it. We also show that offshoring activities are more likely for firms that have developed networks in the country of destination.

Keywords: Offshoring; product market; labor regulations; network; fixed costs

JEL-codes: F16; J24; J38

48 pages, August 6, 2018

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