Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation,
Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies

No 109: HARD AND SOFT LOCATIONAL FACTORS,INNOVATIVENESS AND FIRM PERFORMANCE - an empirical test of Porter’s diamond model at the micro-level

Alexander Eickelpasch , Anna Lejpras () and Andreas Stephan ()
Additional contact information
Alexander Eickelpasch: DIW Berlin
Anna Lejpras: European University Viadrina Frankfurt/Oder
Andreas Stephan: JIBS and CESIS

Abstract: This paper investigates predictions of Porter’s Diamond model regarding the impact of locational factors on innovativeness and performance at the firm level. We formulate a structural equation model based on the relationships between locational conditions, e.g., transportation infrastructure, proximity to universities and research institutes, qualified labour, on the one hand, and innovativeness measured by new product or process development, number of patents, and firm performance in terms of market growth or profit assessment, on the other hand. Based on a sample of about 2,100 East German firms, we apply the partial least squares path modelling approach to test the proposed relationships. We find that particularly cooperation intensity at the local level spurs the innovativeness of firms; whereas in contrast to Porter’s predictions, our results indicate that strong local competition and a locally focused market appear to impede the innovativeness and performance of firms.

Keywords: Hard and Soft Locational Factors; Innovativeness; Firm Performance; East German Firms; Structural Equation Modelling; Partial Least Squares Approach

JEL-codes: L25; O31; R30

26 pages, December 11, 2007

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