Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation,
Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies

No 282: Patenting and Entrepreneurial Spawning: An Innovation Strategy Approach

Hans Lööf (), Pardis Nabavi () and Navid Bazzazian ()
Additional contact information
Hans Lööf: CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology, Postal: CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Pardis Nabavi: CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology, Postal: CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Navid Bazzazian: Strategy and Business Policy, HEC, Paris

Abstract: This paper analyzes how different innovation-strategies of incumbent firms affect the quality of their entrepreneurial spawns. Using a novel data set that combines employer-employee micro data from Sweden with firm level patent application data files for the period 1997-2008, three types of incumbent firms are distinguished: firms that are engaged in innovation activities persistently, occasionally and not at all. The analysis shows only weak indication that the chance of survival for a new firm can be linked back to the innovation strategy of the parent firm. In contrast, there is strong evidence that employee start-ups from persistent innovators are more productive during their first five years on the market than other spin-offs, everything else equal.

Keywords: Innovation; Patent; Spinoff; Survival; Productivity

JEL-codes: C24; L26; M13; O31; O32

38 pages, First version: September 17, 2012. Revised: December 14, 2012.

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