Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation,
Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies

No 374: A Review of Renewable Energy Supply and Energy Efficiency Technologies

Shahrouz Abolhosseini (), Almas´ Heshmati () and Jörn Altmann ()
Additional contact information
Shahrouz Abolhosseini: College of Engineering, TEMEP, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
Almas´ Heshmati: Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS), and Jönköping University (JIBS), Postal: CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Jörn Altmann: College of Engineering, TEMEP, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

Abstract: Electricity consumption will comprise an increasing share of global energy demand during the next two decades. In recent years, the increasing prices of fossil fuels and concerns about the environmental consequences of greenhouse gas emissions have renewed the interest in the development of alternative energy resources. In particular, the Fukushima Daiichi accident was a turning point in the call for alternative energy sources. Renewable energy is now considered a more desirable source of fuel than nuclear power due to the absence of risk and disasters. Considering that the major component of greenhouse gases is carbon dioxide, there is a global concern about reducing carbon emissions. In this regard, different policies could be applied to reducing carbon emissions, such as enhancing renewable energy deployment and encouraging technological innovations. Two main solutions may be implemented to reduce CO2 emissions and overcome the problem of climate change: replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy sources as much as possible and enhancing energy efficiency. In this paper, we discuss alternative technologies for enhancing renewable energy deployment and energy use efficiency.

Keywords: energy resources; renewable energy; energy use efficiency; generation technology; carbon emission; green employment

JEL-codes: D61; D62; H23; N50; O13; Q52; Q55

37 pages, August 25, 2014

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