(), Muhammad Shahbaz
() and Imad Moosa
Erik Hille: HHL Leipzig Graduate School of Management
Muhammad Shahbaz: Montpellier Business School
Imad Moosa: RMIT University
Abstract: Can FDI help to reduce regional air pollution emissions in Korea? Given the proclamation of a far-reaching national green growth strategy that requires a shift in public and private investments, this paper addresses the need for empirical estimates on the environmental consequences of FDI inflows into Korea. Using a simultaneous equations model the impacts of FDI inflows are decomposed into direct as well as indirect scale, composition, and technique effects. Thereby, the analysis utilizes panel data on six air pollutants in 16 Korean provinces and self-governing cities for the time period 2000 to 2011. The estimation results show that FDI inflows concurrently stimulate regional economic growth and reduce air pollution intensities. However, the total level of air emissions mostly remains unchanged. While confirming the findings of the existing national level research on the FDI‐growth relationship in Korea, the results are partly contrary to the respective earlier findings on the FDI‐environment nexus. Given Korea’s high level of development paired with the aforementioned impact on economic growth and air pollution intensities, foreign investments are, therefore, regarded as one potential pillar to achieve the goals of the green growth strategy.
31 pages, First version: August 30, 2017. Revised: May 7, 2018.
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