Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

EIJS Working Paper Series,
Stockholm School of Economics, The European Institute of Japanese Studies

No 110: The Rhetoric of Power: Conceptions of Power in the Academic Post-Cold War Japanese Foreign Policy Discourse

Linus Hagström ()
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Linus Hagström: European Institute of Japanese Studies, Postal: Stockholm School of Economics, P.O. Box 6501, S-113 83 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to investigate how scholars have related to the term ‘power’ in their research of post-Cold War Japanese foreign policy; how they have filled the term with meaning, i.e. how they have associated it with a concept. This is done through an analysis of English and Japanese texts, both those that do not include an explicit definition of the term, but still use it extensively, and those that do define the term and purport to make use of it in empirical research. An analysis of the material shows inconsistency in the sense that power is implicitly understood in terms of resources and capabilities (cf. Realism in International Relations), but explicitly (e.g. in definitions) clearly in relational terms. The way to express power in Japanese, moreover, significantly differs from the English practice; in English there is merely one word – in Japanese several words are used to express the different concepts of power. An interesting feature of Japanese texts, moreover, is the frequent references to ‘powerization’, i.e. the process of becoming a power.

Keywords: Japanese foreign policy discourse; power; Okabe Tatsumi; Ming Wan; Reinhard Drifte; Christopher Hughes

JEL-codes: A00

48 pages, January 8, 2001

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