() and Johan Torstensson
David Greenaway: CREDIT, University of Nottingham, Postal: University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom,
Johan Torstensson: Lund University and FIEF, Postal: FIEF, Wallingatan 38, SE-111 24 Stockholm, Sweden
Abstract: A large share of world trade, especially among the OECD countries, is two-way trade within industries, so called intra-industry trade. Despite this, few attempts have been made to examine why countries export some products within industries, whereas they import others. We examine this issue, by means of regression analysis, by examining the shares of IIT that are vertical and horizontal and by examining price dispersion. The regression results suggest that an abundant human capital endowment as well as a large domestic market increases the quality of OECD-countries´ manufacturing exports, thus offering support for comparative advantage models as well as newer geography models. But, human capital becomes an increasingly important determinant of quality over time.
24 pages, July 22, 1997
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