Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
Trade Union Institute for Economic Research

No 150: The Impact of Seasonal Unit Roots and Vector ARMA Modeling on Forecasting Monthly Tourism Flows

Patrik Gustavsson and Jonas Nordström ()
Additional contact information
Patrik Gustavsson: Trade Union Institute for Economic Research, Postal: FIEF, Wallingatan 38, SE-111 24 Stockholm, Sweden
Jonas Nordström: Department of Economics, Umeå University, Postal: SE-901 87 Umeå, Sweden

Abstract: The effect of imposing different numbers of unit roots on forecasting accuracy is examined using univariate ARMA models. To see whether additional information improves forecasting accuracy and increases the informative forecast horizon, we cross-relate the time series for inbound tourism in Sweden for different visitor categories and estimate vector ARMA models. The mean-squared forecast error for different filters indicates that models in which unit roots are imposed at all frequencies have the smallest forecast errors. The results from the vector ARMA models with all roots imposed indicate that the informative forecast horizon is greater than for the univariate models. Out-of-sample evaluations indicate, however, that the univariate modelling approach may be preferable.

Keywords: Seasonality; Tourism; Demand Analysis; VARMA; Forecasting

JEL-codes: C22; C32; C53; D12

22 pages, First version: April 1, 1999. Revised: July 1, 2000.

Full text files

WP150rev.pdf PDF-file 

Download statistics

Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Sune Karlsson ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson ().

This page generated on 2018-01-23 23:31:53.