Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
Trade Union Institute for Economic Research

No 185: How Long Does it Take to Integrate? Employment Convergence of Immigrants and Natives in Sweden.

Lena Nekby ()
Additional contact information
Lena Nekby: Department of Economics, Stockholm University and, Postal: FIEF, Wallingatan 38, SE-111 24 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: This study examines employment convergence between immigrants and natives, by gender and region of origin, using data with annual information (1990-2000) on more than 200,000 individuals of which over 19,000 were born abroad. Duration of residence is found to have a significant effect on employment chances up to and including the first 25 years in Sweden but with greater explanatory power for East- and non-European immigrants. Assuming homogeneous human capital and time effects, immigrant groups with over twenty years residency continue to show a significant employment gap to natives. No notable gender differences in employment convergence patterns are found.

Keywords: Immigration; Employment; Discrimination; Gender

JEL-codes: J15; J16; J21; J61; J71

33 pages, December 18, 2002

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