Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Research Reports,
University of Gothenburg, Statistical Research Unit, School of Business, Economics and Law

No 2007:10: Explorative analysis of spatial aspects on the Swedish influenza data

David Bock () and Kjell Pettersson ()
Additional contact information
David Bock: Statistical Research Unit, Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University, Postal: Statistical Research Unit, Göteborg University, Box 640, SE 40530 GÖTEBORG
Kjell Pettersson: Statistical Research Unit, Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University, Postal: Statistical Research Unit, Göteborg University, Box 640, SE 40530 GÖTEBORG

Abstract: The spatial aspects on the Swedish influenza data are analyzed. During the influenza period, reports on laboratory diagnosed cases and influenza-like-illness are obtained from viral and microbiological laboratories and from sentinel physicians, respectively, in different regions of Sweden. Information about the spatio-temporal patterns might give insight in the way the influenza spreads over Sweden. It might also be used in automated surveillance systems for outbreak and peak detection of the influenza. We describe the regional patterns in Swedish influenza data in different ways. Several natural hypotheses about geographical patterns are examined but can not be verified as consistent over the years. However, we find that, for a group of large cities, the outbreak of the influenza occurs at least four weeks earlier than for the rest of Sweden. The possibilities to utilize this in surveillance systems are briefly discussed.

Keywords: influenza; spatial

JEL-codes: C10

27 pages, January 1, 2007

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