Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Papers in Economics,
University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics

No 236: Can China’s Growth be Sustained? A Productivity Perspective

Jinghai Zheng (), Arne Bigsten () and Angang Hu ()
Additional contact information
Jinghai Zheng: Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University, Postal: Box 640, SE 405 30 GÖTEBORG
Arne Bigsten: Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University, Postal: Box 640, SE 405 30 GÖTEBORG
Angang Hu: Center for China Studies, School of Public Policy and Management, Postal: Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

Abstract: China’s unorthodox approach to economic transition has resulted in sustained high growth. However, in recent years Chinese economists have increasingly referred to the growth pattern as “extensive”, generated mainly through the expansion of inputs. Our investigation of the Chinese economy during the reform period finds that reform measures often resulted in one-time level effects on TFP. China now needs to adjust its reform program towards sustained increases in productivity. Market and ownership reforms, and open door policies have improved the situation under which Chinese firms operate, but further institutional reforms are required to consolidate China’s move to a modern market economy.

Keywords: Growth; Productivity; China

JEL-codes: D24; O47; O53

32 pages, November 28, 2006

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