Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Stockholm School of Economics Asia Working Paper Series,
Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm China Economic Research Institute

No 2014-33: The Dynamics of Conflict in Southern Thailand

Anders Engvall () and Magnus Andersson ()
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Anders Engvall: Stockholm China Economic Research Institute
Magnus Andersson: Malmö University

Abstract: The prolonged insurgency in Southern Thailand has claimed thousands of victims since the outbreak of major violence in 2004. Drawing on a unique data-set covering all violent incidents since 2004, a hot spot analysis shows that the bulk of the violence is concentrated in clusters of sub-districts forming hotbeds of conflict. Drivers of conflict are identified through a comparative analysis of the hotspots of violence with less violent areas. The analysis shows that identity manifested in language use and religious practices influence the prevalence and patterns of violence instead of international borders, infrastructure, and physical geography.

Keywords: Economics of conflict; Thailand; Southeast Asia; Spatial analysis

JEL-codes: C21; D74

25 pages, October 2, 2014

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