Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance,
Stockholm School of Economics

No 213: Factor Endowments, Country Size, and Trade Liberalisation: The Effects on Structure of Trade and Industry

Thomas Mathä
Additional contact information
Thomas Mathä: The European Institute of Japanese Studies, Postal: Stockholm School of Economics, Box 6501, S-113 83 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: This paper analyses the effects of non-tariff barriers, in terms of both variable and fixed export costs, on the structure of trade and industry. We find that the relationship between fixed and variable trade costs affects industrial structure and determines whether international trade emerges. Such implications cannot be derived by considering variable trade costs alone. Given that trade emerges, only variable, but not fixed trade costs, influence factor price differentials, trade volumes and structure, and thus the share of intra-industry trade. It is also shown that country size differences affect the relationship between variable trade costs and trade structure.

Keywords: Economic integration; non-tariff barriers; intra-& inter-industry trade

JEL-codes: F12; F15

36 pages, First version: December 11, 1997. Revised: July 1, 1998.

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