Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance,
Stockholm School of Economics

No 305: European Integration and Geographical Concentration of Swedish Multinationals

Thomas Mathä
Additional contact information
Thomas Mathä: The European Institute of Japanese Studies, Postal: Stockholm School of Economics, P.O. Box 6501, SE-113 83 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: This paper investigates whether European integration has an effect on the geographical concentration of Swedish multinationals' production inside the European Union. The results indicate that agglomeration and dispersion forces are present, and that the relative strength of these forces has been affected by the EU integration process. In particular, the European integration process has reduced intra-EU transaction costs, and thus the need of R&D intensive multinationals to engage in local production to fully appropriate the return of their assets. The results further suggest that EU integration has led Swedish MNEs to increase dispersion of production inside the European Union.

Keywords: Economic integration; multinational enterprises; geographical concentration and dispersion.

JEL-codes: F12; F15; F23

29 pages, February 12, 1999

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