Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance,
Stockholm School of Economics

No 408: Outward Investment, Employment and Wages in Swedish Multinationals

Magnus Blomström () and Ari Kokko ()
Additional contact information
Magnus Blomström: European Institute of Japanese Studies, Postal: Stockholm School of Economics, P.O. Box 6501, S-113 83 Stockholm, Sweden
Ari Kokko: European Institute of Japanese Studies, Postal: Stockholm School of Economics, P.O. Box 6501, S-113 83 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: Examining detailed data for the home country operations of Swedish multinationals during the period 1986-1994, this paper shows that there are signs of very notable structural changes in the home country operations of these corporations. It also shows that the effects vary according to economic conditions in the home country. In the 1980s, when the Swedish economy was characterized by high taxes, high inflation rates, and a tight labor market, relatively attractive jobs within the MNCs were relocated from Swedish plants to foreign affiliates. In the 1990s, by contrast, when the financial crisis had necessitated a host of micro and macro economic reforms, the location decision of the MNCs were more favorable for the Swedish economy. New jobs created by the multinationals were found in activities with high productivity and wages. Thus, home country effects of FDI seem, to a large extent, to be determined by the home countries' economic environment.

Keywords: FDI; MNC; Home Country Effects

JEL-codes: F23

25 pages, October 20, 2000

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