Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance,
Stockholm School of Economics

No 735: Gender and Cooperation in Children: Experiments in Colombia and Sweden

Juan-Camilo Cárdenas (), Anna Dreber (), Emma von Essen () and Eva Ranehill ()
Additional contact information
Juan-Camilo Cárdenas: Department of Economics, Universidad de los Andes
Anna Dreber: Dept. of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics
Emma von Essen: Department of Economics, Stockholm university
Eva Ranehill: Dept. of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics, Postal: Stockholm School of Economics, P.O. Box 6501, SE-113 83 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: This paper compares cooperation among Columbian and Swedish children aged 9-12. We illustrate the dynamics of the prisoner’s dilemma in a new task that is easily understood by children and performed during a physical education class. We find some evidence that children cooperate more in Sweden than in Colombia. Girls in Colombia are less cooperative than boys, whereas our results indicate the opposite gender gap in Sweden. On average, children are more cooperative with boys than with girls.

Keywords: cooperation; children; gender differences; experiment

JEL-codes: C91; D03; J16

9 pages, First version: April 11, 2011. Revised: June 12, 2012. Earlier revisions: June 12, 2012.

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