Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

CISEG Working Papers Series,
Jönköping International Business School, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth

No 4: What Drives the Productive Efficiency of a Firm? The Importance of Industry,Location, R&D, and Size

Andreas Stephan (), Oleg Badunenko () and Michael Fritsch ()
Additional contact information
Andreas Stephan: Jönköping International Business School, Postal: P.O. Box 1026, SE-551 11 JÖNKÖPING, Sweden
Oleg Badunenko: German Institute for Economic Research, DIW Berlin, Postal: 10108, Berlin, Germany
Michael Fritsch: Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Postal: Max Planck Institute of Economics Jena and , German Institute for Economic Research , (DIW Berlin), Germany

Abstract: This paper investigates the factors that explain the level and dynamics of productive efficiency of a manufacturing firm. In our empirical analysis, we use a unique sample of about 39,000 firms in 256 industries from the German Cost Structure Census over the years 1992–2005. We estimate the efficiencies of the firms and relate them to firm-specific and environmental factors. We find that (1) about half of the model’s explanatory power is due to industry effects, (2) that firm size accounts for another twenty percent, and (3) that the headquarters’ location explains approximately fifteen percent. Interestingly, most other firm characteristics such as R&D intensity, outsourcing activities or the number of owners have an extremely small explanatory power. Surprisingly, our findings suggest that higher R&D intensity is associated with being less efficient, though higher R&D spending increases a firm’s efficiency over time.

Keywords: Frontier analysis; determinants of efficiency; firm performance; industry effects; regional effects; firm size

JEL-codes: D24; L10; L25

32 pages, March 25, 2008

Full text files

CISEG-WP-No-4.pdf PDF-file 

Download statistics

Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Katarina Blåman ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson ().

This page generated on 2018-01-23 23:33:17.