Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

HUI Working Papers,
HUI Research

No 28: Inequality in Mortality in Vietnam During a Period of Rapid Transition

David Granlund (), Nguyen T. Chuc , Ho D. Phuc and Lars Lindholm
Additional contact information
David Granlund: The Swedish Retail Institute (HUI), Postal: Regeringsgatan 60, 103 29 Stockholm, Sweden,
Nguyen T. Chuc: Faculty of Public Health, Postal: Hanoi Medical University, Viet Nam
Ho D. Phuc: Institute of Mathematics, Postal: Hanoi, Viet Nam
Lars Lindholm: Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Postal: UmeƄ University, Sweden

Abstract: Vietnam has experienced rapid economic growth following the transition, which began in the mid 1980s, from a planned agriculture based economy to a more market orientated one. In this paper, the associations between socioeconomic variables and mortality for 41,000 adults in Northern Vietnam followed from January 1999 to March 2008 are estimated using Cox's proportionally hazard models. Also, we use decomposition techniques to investigate the relative importance of socioeconomic factors for explaining inequality in age-standardized mortality risk. The results confirm previously found negative associations between mortality and income and education, for both men and women. We also found that marital status, at least for men, explain a large and growing part of the inequality. Finally, estimation results for relative education variables suggest that there exist positive spillover effects of education, meaning that higher education of one's neighbors or spouse might reduce ones mortality risk.

Keywords: Vietnam; Health inequality; Socioeconomic status (SES); Mortality risk; Decomposition; Adults; Economic growth

JEL-codes: O40

8 pages, January 1, 2010

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