Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

HUI Working Papers,
HUI Research

No 51: New Liu Estimators for the Poisson Regression Model: Method and Application

Kristofer Månsson (), B. M. Golam Kibria , Pär Sjölander and Ghazi Shukur
Additional contact information
Kristofer Månsson: Jönköping University, Postal: Department of Economics, Finance and Statistics, Jönköping, Sweden
B. M. Golam Kibria: Florida International University, Postal: Department of Mathematics and Statistics,, Miami, Florida, USA
Pär Sjölander: Jönköping University, Postal: Department of Economics, Finance and Statistics, Jönköping, Sweden
Ghazi Shukur: Linnaeus University, Postal: Department of Economics and Statistics, Växjö, Sweden.

Abstract: A new shrinkage estimator for the Poisson model is introduced in this paper. This method is a generalization of the Liu (1993) estimator originally developed for the linear regression model and will be generalised here to be used instead of the classical maximum likelihood (ML) method in the presence of multicollinearity since the mean squared error (MSE) of ML becomes inflated in that situation. Furthermore, this paper derives the optimal value of the shrinkage parameter and based on this value some methods of how the shrinkage parameter should be estimated are suggested. Using Monte Carlo simulation where the MSE and mean absolute error (MAE) are calculated it is shown that when the Liu estimator is applied with these proposed estimators of the shrinkage parameter it always outperforms the ML. Finally, an empirical application has been considered to illustrate the usefulness of the new Liu estimators.

Keywords: Estimation; MSE; MAE; Multicollinearity; Poisson; Liu; Simulation

JEL-codes: C53

11 pages, June 30, 2011

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