(), John Östh
() and Yves Zenou
Olof Åslund: IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation, Postal: P O Box 513, 751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
John Östh: Uppsala University, Postal: Department of Social and Economic Geography, P O Box 513, 751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
Yves Zenou: IUI, The Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Postal: Box 55665, 102 15 Stockholm, Sweden
Abstract: We study the impact of job proximity on individual employment and earnings. The analysis exploits a Swedish refugee dispersal policy to get exogenous variation in individual locations. Using very detailed data on the exact location of all residences and workplaces in Sweden, we find that having been placed in a location with poor job access in 1990–91 adversely affected employment in 1999. Doubling the number of jobs in the initial location in 1990–91 is associated with 2.9 percentage points higher employment probability in 1999. The analysis suggests that residential sorting leads to underestimation of the impact of job access.
42 pages, February 14, 2006
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