and Nina Waldenström
Christian Andersson: Uppsala University, Department of Economics, Postal: Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
Nina Waldenström: Stockholm School of Economics, Department of Economics, Postal: Box 6501, SE-113 83 Stockholm, Sweden
Abstract: The share of non-certified teachers in Swedish compulsory public schools has grown considerably during the last decade, from 7.2 percent in 1995/96 to 17.2 percent in 2003/04. Moreover, comparisons between schools and municipalities indicate large and increasing differences in the share of non-certified teachers over time. In this paper we study whether these patterns may be explained by restrictions in the supply of certified teachers. We do this by using a temporary targeted governmental grant, aimed at increasing the personnel density in schools, as an exogenous teacher demand shock. Our results show that the introduction of the grant decreased the share of non-certified teachers more in areas characterized by relatively high unemployment rates among certified teachers, i.e., where teacher supply restrictions were relatively low. These findings hence suggest that teacher supply restrictions do indeed matter for the composition of teaching staff.
43 pages, February 20, 2007
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