Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy

No 2007:20: Ethnicity and obesity: evidence of implicit work performance stereotypes in Sweden

Agerström Jens (), Rickard Carlsson () and Dan-Olof Rooth ()
Additional contact information
Agerström Jens: Department of psychology, Lund University
Rickard Carlsson: Department of economics, Kalmar University
Dan-Olof Rooth: Department of economics, Kalmar University

Abstract: Using the Implicit Association Test, we investigate whether employers and students possess implicit and explicit negative attitudes and implicit performance stereotypes toward Arab-Muslim men relative to native Swedish men. We also examine if employers and students have implicit and explicit performance stereotypes toward obese individuals relative to people of normal weight. The results demonstrate that employers and students both implicitly and explicitly associate Arab-Muslim men with less work performance. Also, they have more implicit negative attitudes toward this ethnic group. Obese individuals are both implicitly and explicitly associated with less work performance compared with normal-weight individuals.

Keywords: Implicit; attitudes; stereotypes; discrimination; ethnicity; obesity

JEL-codes: J53; J64; J71

49 pages, August 31, 2007

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