(), Marco Caliendo
, Gerard J. van den Berg
and Klaus F. Zimmermann
Annette Bergemann: Department of Economics, University of Mannheimn, Postal: L7, 3-5, 68131 Mannheim, Germany
Marco Caliendo: DIW Berlin
Gerard J. van den Berg: IFAU - Institute forLabour Market Policy Evaluation, Postal: P O Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
Klaus F. Zimmermann: University of Bonn
Abstract: Labor market programs may affect unemployed individuals’ behavior before they enroll. Such ex ante effects may differ according to ethnic origin. We apply a novel method that relates self-reported perceived treatment rates and job search behavioral outcomes, such as the reservation wage or search intensity, to each other. We compare German native workers with migrants with a Turkish origin or Central and Eastern European (including Russian) background. Job search theory is used to derive theoretical predictions. We examine the omnibus ex ante effect of the German ALMP system, using the novel IZA Evaluation Data Set, which includes self-reported assessments of the variables of interest as well as an unusually detailed amount of information on behavior, attitudes and past outcomes. We find that the ex ante threat effect on the reservation wage and search effort varies considerably among the groups considered.
22 pages, February 7, 2011
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