Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy

No 2013:21: Taxes and the choice of organizational form by entrepreneurs in Sweden

Karin Edmark () and Roger Gordon ()
Additional contact information
Karin Edmark: Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Postal: P.O. Box 55 665, Stockholm, Sweden
Roger Gordon: University of California, Postal: San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0508

Abstract: This paper estimates the role of both tax and non-tax determinants in the choice in Sweden to be a closely-held corporation vs. a proprietorship, using individual data for 2004 to 2008 on owners of closely-held businesses. While lower-income individuals face relatively neutral incentives, higher income individuals face strong tax incentives to be corporate. The data suggest a relatively strong correlation between these tax incentives and the likelihood that a firm is corporate. Many conventional non-tax determinants are confirmed in the data as well.

Keywords: self-employment; entrepreneurship; taxation of closely-held businesses; business organizational form

JEL-codes: G32; G38; H25

47 pages, October 2, 2013

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