Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy

No 2015:2: Alcohol-related morbidity and mortality following involuntary job loss

Marcus Eliason ()
Additional contact information
Marcus Eliason: IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy, Postal: P O Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the association between involuntary job loss and alcohol-attributable morbidity and mortality. Swedish-linked employee-employer data were used to identify all establishment closures during 1990–1999, as well as the employees who were laid off and a comparison group. These data were merged with information on alcohol-attributable deaths and hospital admissions from the Causes of Death Register and the National Patient Register. The associations between job loss and alcohol-attributable morbidity and mortality during a follow-up period of 12 years were estimated by propensity score weighting methods. An excess risk of both alcohol-related hospitalization and mortality was found among both displaced men and women. For women, the wholly alcohol-attributable health problems were mainly limited to alcohol dependence, whereas men also had an increased risk of hospitalization from poisoning and alcohol-induced liver disease and pancreatitis. The findings support previous evidence of increased risks of alcohol-related morbidity/mortality following involuntary job loss, although the estimates presented herein are more conservative. In addition, the findings suggest that alcohol-related problems manifest differently in men and women.

Keywords: Alcohol; drinking; job loss; morbidity; mortality; plant closures

JEL-codes: I10; I12; J63; J65

33 pages, January 19, 2015

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http://www.ifau.se/en/Research/Publications/Working-papers/2015/Alcohol-related-morbidity-and-mortality-following-involuntary-job-loss/  

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