Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Institute for Futures Studies

No 2006:3: Inkomst och ojämlikhet i Sverige 1951-2002

Mats Johansson
Additional contact information
Mats Johansson: Institute for Futures Studies, Postal: Box 591, SE-101 31 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: This report reports result about income distribution and mean income for the adult population (aged 20 and over) in Sweden during the period 1951-2002. All results refer to individual income before tax. It also explains how the dataset was produced. In the adult population, income distribution becomes slightly more equal during the 1950’s and the 1960’s. Income inequality fell dramatically in the 1970’s, but changed very little during the 1980’s. In the 1990’s income dispersion increased. Dividing the population by gender, the data shows that while income inequality was relatively stable for men during the 1950’s and 1960’s, it was reduced among women. During the 1970’s, income inequality decreased for both women and men, but more for women than for men. In the 1990’s income inequality increased, more for men than for women. Average income increased steadily until the mid 1970’s, when mean income began to oscillate, increasing in times of economic upturn and decreasing in recessions.

Keywords: income distribution; mean income; income inequality

JEL-codes: J16; J31

23 pages, March 2006

Price: 25 SEK

Note: ISSN 1652-120X; ISBN 13:978-91-89655-82-9; ISBN 10:91-89655-82-6

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