Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Arbetsrapport,
Institute for Futures Studies

No 2006:9: Growth and Longevity from the Industrial Revolution to the Future of an Aging Society

David de la Croix , Thomas Lindh () and Bo Malmberg ()
Additional contact information
David de la Croix: Université catholique de Louvain, Postal: Department of Economics, Place Montesquieu 3, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
Thomas Lindh: Institute for Futures Studies, Postal: Box 591, SE-101 31 Stockholm, Sweden
Bo Malmberg: Institute for Futures Studies, Postal: Box 591, SE-101 31 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: Aging of the population will affect the growth path of all countries. To assess the historical and future importance of this claim we use two popular approaches and evaluate their merits and disadvantages by confronting them to Swedish data. We first simulate an endogenous growth model with human capital linking demographic changes and income growth. Rising longevity increases the incentive to get education, which in turn has ever-lasting effects on growth through a human capital externality. Secondly, we consider a reduced-form statistical model based on the demographic dividend literature. Assuming that there is a common DGP guiding growth through the demographic transition, we use an estimate from post-war global data to backcast the Swedish historical GDP growth. Comparing the two approaches, encompassing tests show that each of them contains independent information on the Swedish growth path, suggesting that there is a benefit from combining them for long-term forecasting.

Keywords: aging population; growth path; long-term forecasting

JEL-codes: J11

37 pages, June 2006

Price: 25 SEK

Note: ISSN 1652-120X; ISBN 13: 978-91-89655-92-8; ISBN 10: 91-89655-92-3

Full text files

20060705130858filvL3t83MsanMNa49J3D51.pdf PDF-file 
appendix-2006.92.pdf  Bilaga till arbetsrapport

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