Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Arbetsrapport,
Institute for Futures Studies

No 2008:4: Intergenerational public and private sector redistribution in Sweden 2003

Charlotte Forsell (), Daniel Hallberg (), Thomas Lindh () and Gustav Öberg ()
Additional contact information
Charlotte Forsell: Institute for Futures Studies, Postal: Box 591, SE-101 31 Stockholm, Sweden
Daniel Hallberg: Institute for Futures Studies, Postal: Box 591, SE-101 31 Stockholm, Sweden
Thomas Lindh: Institute for Futures Studies, Postal: Box 591, SE-101 31 Stockholm, Sweden
Gustav Öberg: Institute for Futures Studies, Postal: Box 591, SE-101 31 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: We describe intergenerational redistribution in Sweden the year 2003. The high Swedish tax ratio of around 50-60 percent of GDP per capita is partly explained by every individual getting a lot back in terms of transfers and part in government consumption. Another reason is that most transfers are taxed, which results in double counting some tax payments. Here we attempt to correct the age profile of net tax payment for these effects and compare these to the gross profiles. On a per capita basis we find, using this netting, that the mean age of tax payers drops from 55 to 48 and that the taxes paid falls by 23.2 percent. We also look at age profiles of private and public consumption, and net private consumption, i.e., the difference between private disposable income and private consumption. We find that private net redistribution flows mainly from middle and old age to young ages, while net public transfers flow to both young and old.

Keywords: Intergenerational; redistribution

JEL-codes: H23; J10

21 pages, March 2008

Price: 25 SEK

Note: ISSN: 1652-120X; ISBN: 978-91-85619-23-8

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