Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Arbetsrapport,
Institute for Futures Studies

No 2009:9: Energy policy and regulatory challenges in natural gas infrastructure and supply in the energy transition in Sweden

José Alberto Hernández Ibarzábal ()
Additional contact information
José Alberto Hernández Ibarzábal: Institute for Futures Studies, Postal: Institute for Futures Studies, Box 591, SE-101 31 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: Sweden is undergoing a major energy transition in which the present regulatory, competition and energy decisions will determine future involvement in the “oil and gas game” after decades of successful implementation of non-fossil fuel dependence policies. Contrary to major energy policies implemented since the oil crisis of the 70’s, higher natural gas investment in infrastructure – in particular regarding offshore pipelines – is not an outcome of a consented agreement between the government and private firms. The lack of clear governmental definition towards the time to phase out nuclear terminals, and how this source of energy would be replaced, is leading the country towards an energy bottleneck that could condition future energy supply, thus governance. Under these conditions, crucial decisions shall be taken in the near future regarding granting permissions to pipelines that connect to the Russian natural gas fields following an EU trend, to the Norwegian natural gas reserves on the trail of a Nordic energy path-dependence, or to both, sharing potential benefits and risks.

Keywords: Energy policy; Future energy supply; Natural gas infrastructure; Energy transition; Sweden; Russian natural gas fields; Norwegian natural gas reserves; Swedish energy transition.

JEL-codes: Q41; Q43; Q48

24 pages, June 10, 2009

Price: 25 SEK

Note: ISSN: 1652-120X; ISBN: 978-91-85619-48-1

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