Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Arbetsrapport,
Institute for Futures Studies

No 2010:15: Sociala rättigheter och migration. Det svenska pensionssystemet i internationella situationer 1946-1993

Peter Johansson ()
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Peter Johansson: Institute for Futures Studies, Postal: Institute for Futures Studies, Box 591, SE-101 31 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: This study addresses questions concerning social rights and migration in Sweden during the post-war era. In particular, is aims foci on the parliamentary regulation of rights for Swedish and foreign citizens to gain access to and export pension benefits according to Swedish pension law. It takes point of departure in previous research where it has been suggested that financing principles for benefits systems matters in this respect. In order to elaborate on that hypothesis, the tax-financed Peoples´ Pension is compared with the supplementary pension which is financed by social contributions. Results show that both eligibility and the right to export benefits where developed at an earlier stage and to a greater extent in the supplementary pension scheme. This result is in line with previous research. In addition, results also reveal that expanded eligibility does not automatically lead up to a right to export benefits. This is especially clear with respect to the development of the Peoples´ Pension. It is thus concluded that the development of both eligibility and exportability reflects the internal logic that is inherent with the relationship between contributions and benefits in a contributory system. It is also emphasised that international cooperation on social rights and migration has been of relevance for the development of national legislation. This is especially true for the Peoples´ Pension scheme where the Swedish citizenship as eligibility-criteria has been replaced over time.

Keywords: Social rights; Migration; Pension; Post war era; Sweden

JEL-codes: F22; H55

24 pages, February 1, 2011

Price: 25 SEK

Note: ISSN: 1652-120X ISBN:978-91-85619-76-4

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