Mette Møller Jensen (), Mette Bjerrum Koch () and Lars Peter Østerdal ()
Abstract: This paper investigates inequality in health both between and within different socioeconomic groups as well as over time in Denmark. We use self-reported health as a holistic measure of health. Inequalities in self-reported health are challenging to analyze due to its qualitative nature. We review the problems of using meanbased inequality measures with ordinal multileveled data and make use of two quan tilebased approaches to assess health inequalities within and between groups respectively with data from »The National Health Interview Surveys« in Denmark 1994, 2000, 2005, and 2010. To assess the robustness of the results with respect to sample variation we employ a bootstrap analysis. Generally we find that age, gender, education, and, to some extent, marital status and region, influence self-reported health. We only find a clear trend over time in certain age-groups. Finally, we discuss the obtained results compared to findings based on dichotomous measures of self-reported health.
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