Anna Piil Damm () and Marie Louise Schultz-Nielsen ()
Anna Piil Damm: Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus University, Postal: Nordre Ringgade 1, 8000 Aarhus, Danmark
Marie Louise Schultz-Nielsen: The Rockwool Foundation Research Unit, Copenhagen, Postal: Ny Kongensgade 6, 1472 København K, Danmark
Abstract: In this paper we propose a model for constructing neighbourhoods based on geo-referenced data and administrative data. The 431,233 inhabited hectare cells in Denmark are clustered into 9,404 small and 2,296 large neighbourhoods, inhabited, on average, in 2004 by 572 and 2,343 persons, respectively. The priorities in the clustering process are to obtain neighbourhoods that are unaltered over time, delineated by phy sical barriers, compact, homogeneous in terms of type of housing and ownership, relatively small, homogeneous in terms of number of inhabitants, and comprised of a conti guous cluster of cells. To illustrate the importance of detailed neighbourhood information we compare social and ethnic segregation measured by isolation and dissimilation indices on the levels of municipalities and of small neighbourhoods. Our findings demonstrate substantial variation in the residential mix in neighbourhoods within a given municipality, and thus show the importance of having information on a more detailed geographical level than that of the municipality.
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