Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Discussion Papers,
Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Business and Management Science

No 2006/4: An empirically based implementation and evaluation of a network model for commuting flows

Jens Petter Gitlesen (), Gisle Kleppe (), Inge Thorsen () and Jan Ubøe ()
Additional contact information
Jens Petter Gitlesen: University of Stavanger, Postal: University of Stavanger , N-4036 Stavanger, Norway
Gisle Kleppe: Stord/Haugesund University College (HSH), Postal: HSH, Postboks 5000, N-5409 Stord, Norway
Inge Thorsen: Stord/Haugesund University College (HSH), Postal: HSH, Postboks 5000, N-5409 Stord, Norway
Jan Ubøe: Dept. of Finance and Management Science, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Postal: NHH , Department of Finance and Management Science, Helleveien 30, N-5045 Bergen, Norway

Abstract: In this paper we present empirical results based on a network model for commuting flows. The model is a modified version of a construction introduced in Thorsen et al. (1999). Journeys-to-work are determined by distance deterrence effects, the effects of intervening opportunities, and the location of potential destinations relative to alternatives at subsequent steps in the transportation network. Calibration is based on commuting data from a region in Western Norway. Estimated parameter values are reasonable, and the explanatory power is found to be very satisfying compared to results from a competing destinations approach. We also provide theoretical arguments in favor of a network approach to represent spatial structure characteristics.

Keywords: Journeys-to-work; transportation network; network approach; spatial structure characteristics

JEL-codes: C13; C51; C52

27 pages, April 27, 2006

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