Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

CLTS Working Papers,
Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Centre for Land Tenure Studies

No 7/16: Links between Tenure Security and Food Security in Poor Agrarian Economies: Causal Linkages and Policy Implications

Stein T. Holden () and Hosaena Ghebru ()
Additional contact information
Stein T. Holden: Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Postal: Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, P.O. Box 5003, NO-1432 Aas, Norway
Hosaena Ghebru: International Food Policy Research Institute, Postal: International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, D. C., USA

Abstract: Population growth leads to growing land scarcity and landlessness in poor agrarian economies. Many of these also face severe climate risks that may increase in the future. Tenure security is important for food security in such countries and at the same time threatened by social instability that further accelerate rural-urban and international migration. Provision of secure property rights with low-cost methods that create investment incentives can lead to land use intensification and improved food security. Pro-active policies that engage youth in establishment of sustainable livelihoods hold promise. Social and political stability are essential for tenure security and food security.

Keywords: Tenure security; food security; land scarcity; investment incentives; tenure reforms; youth migration

JEL-codes: D12; D13; Q15; Q18

18 pages, March 7, 2016

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