Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden)

No 309: Score Driven Exponentially Weighted Moving Averages and Value-at-Risk Forecasting

André Lucas () and Xin Zhang ()
Additional contact information
André Lucas: VU University Amsterdam and Tinbergen Institute, Postal: De Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Xin Zhang: Research Department, Central Bank of Sweden, Postal: Sveriges Riksbank, SE-103 37 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: A simple methodology is presented for modeling time variation in volatilities and other higher-order moments using a recursive updating scheme similar to the familiar RiskMetricsTM approach. We update parameters using the score of the forecasting distribution. This allows the parameter dynamics to adapt automatically to any nonnormal data features and robusti es the subsequent estimates. The new approach nests several of the earlier extensions to the exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA) scheme. In addition, it can easily be extended to higher dimensions and alternative forecasting distributions. The method is applied to Value-at-Risk forecasting with (skewed) Student's t distributions and a time-varying degrees of freedom and/or skewness parameter. We show that the new method is competitive to or better than earlier methods in forecasting volatility of individual stock returns and exchange rate returns.

Keywords: dynamic volatilities; dynamic higher-order moments; integrated generalized autoregressive score models; Exponentially Weighted Moving Average (EWMA); Value-at-Risk (VaR)

JEL-codes: C51; C52; C53; G15

41 pages, September 1, 2015

Full text files

rap_wp309_revised_150918.pdf PDF-file 

Download statistics

Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Lena Löfgren ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson ().

This page generated on 2018-01-23 23:37:36.