Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Discussion Papers of Business and Economics,
University of Southern Denmark, Department of Business and Economics

No 5/2015: Innovations in mortgage finance and the onset of the Great Recession in a small open economy with a euro peg

Thomas Barnebeck Andersen () and Nikolaj Malchow-Møller ()
Additional contact information
Thomas Barnebeck Andersen: Department of Business and Economics, Postal: University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark
Nikolaj Malchow-Møller: Department of Business and Economics, Postal: University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark

Abstract: The Global Financial Crisis (GFC) of 2008 hit Denmark particularly hard. In this paper we argue that a combination of innovation in mortgage finance and the need to defend a euro exchange rate peg was partly responsible. Sustained pressure against the Danish krone forced the central bank to increase policy interest rates consecutively in the last quarter of 2008. Monetary tightening in the midst of the GFC deepened the ongoing recession for the usual Keynesian aggregate demand reasons. Innovations in mortgage finance, which had made the economy more sensitive to changes in the policy rate, exacerbated this effect.

Keywords: Global Financial Crisis; Great Recession; currency peg; financial innovation; adjustable-rate mortgages

JEL-codes: E20; E30; E40; F33

35 pages, March 10, 2015

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