Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Discussion Papers of Business and Economics,
University of Southern Denmark, Department of Business and Economics

No 2/2017: It's never too LATE: A new look at local average treatment effects with or without defiers

Christian M. Dahl (), Martin Huber () and Giovanni Mellace ()
Additional contact information
Christian M. Dahl: Department of Business and Economics, Postal: University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark
Martin Huber: University of Fribourg, Postal: Switzerland
Giovanni Mellace: Department of Business and Economics, Postal: University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark

Abstract: In heterogeneous treatment effect models with endogeneity, identification of the LATE typically relies on the availability of an exogenous instrument monotonically related to treatment participation. We demonstrate that a strictly weaker local monotonicity condition identifies the LATEs on compliers and on defiers. We propose simple estimators that are potentially more efficient than 2SLS, even under circumstances where 2SLS is consistent. Additionally, when easing local monotonicity to local stochastic monotonicity, our identification results still apply to subsets of compliers and defiers. Finally, we provide an empirical application, rejoining the endeavor of estimating returns to education using the quarter of birth instrument.

Keywords: Instrumental variable; treatment effects; LATE; local monotonicity

JEL-codes: C14; C21; C26

68 pages, February 14, 2017

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dpbe2_2017.pdf?la=en  

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