Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
Stockholm University, Swedish Institute for Social Research

No 9/2018: Time for Care: A History of State Leave Legislation in the United States

Cassandra Engeman
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Cassandra Engeman: Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University, Postal: SOFI, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: In comparison to most other countries, the United States offers little support to new parents and few protections to workers with caregiving responsibilities. At the subnational level, however, states have adopted their own family policies over the last several decades. This report shares historical data on the adoption of state legislation granting maternity, parental, family, and sick leave rights and provisions to private and public sector workers. It builds on previous reports of subnational family policy by providing the enactment, effective, and amendment dates of state legislation from 1942 to 2017. This new data will support research on the causes and consequences of subnational social policies and cross-state comparative research on poverty and inequality.

Keywords: subnational social policy; family policy; United States; sick leave; family caregiving leave; parental leave; maternity leave; temporary disability insurance

30 pages, September 7, 2018

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