Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

SULCIS Working Papers,
Stockholm University, Linnaeus Center for Integration Studies - SULCIS

No 2013:3: Immigrant Women and Entrepreneurship: A Study of the Health Care Sector in Sweden, 2002-2006

Martin Korpi (), Charlotta Hedberg () and Katarina Pettersson ()
Additional contact information
Martin Korpi: Institute for Economic and Business History Research, Stockholm School of Economics
Charlotta Hedberg: Stockholm University Linnaeus Center for Integration Studies - SULCIS, Postal: Stockholm University Linnaeus Center for Integration Studies - SULCIS, Stockholm University, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
Katarina Pettersson: Nordic Centre for Spatial Development

Abstract: Using unique Swedish longitudinal full-population data and logistic regression, this paper explores whether start-ups of foreign born female heath care workers are structurally (i.e. comparatively higher unemployment and lower wages) or culturally (defined as country of birth) motivated. While structural factors are significantly related to female entrepreneurship regardless of origin, no additional effect is found whether for foreign born more broadly defined, or when adding specific country of birth. Thus, we conclude that structural disadvantage motives, based on gender rather than ethnicity, dominate over possible cultural motives for entrepreneurship.

Keywords: Immigration; Gender; Entrepreneurship

JEL-codes: I11; J15; J16; L26

33 pages, February 14, 2013

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