Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Research Papers in Economics,
Stockholm University, Department of Economics

No 2004:11: Is Team Formation Gender Neutral? Evidence from coauthorship patterns.

Anne Boschini () and Anna Sjögren ()
Additional contact information
Anne Boschini: Dept. of Economics, Stockholm University, Postal: Department of Economics, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Anna Sjögren: The Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Postal: The Research Institute of , Industrial Economics, IUI, Box 5501 SE-114 85 Stockholm, Sweden,

Abstract: We model the formation of teams as a random matching process influenced by the agents’ preferences for team size and gender composition. We test hypotheses regarding gender and team preferences on the patterns of coauthorship in articles published 1991-2002 in three top economic journals. We find that the female/male gap in the probability of having a female coauthor increases with the proportion of female authorships in the field. This, together increases with the finding that women single author significantly more than men and that female single authorship declines more than male ditto as the share of women increases, allows us to reject gender neutrality in team formation in favour of an hypothesis stating that the fraction of individuals who prefer teaming up with their own sex is larger that the fraction who prefer the opposite sex.

Keywords: team formation; gender preference; segregation; coauthorship patterns

JEL-codes: A14; J16; J41; M50

35 pages, August 20, 2004

Price: 2004-08-09

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