Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Research Papers in Economics,
Stockholm University, Department of Economics

No 2011:15: Gender and Cooperation in Children: Experiments in Colombia and Sweden

Juan-Camilo Cárdenas Cárdenas (), Anna Dreber Dreber (), Emma von Essen () and Eva Ranehill ()
Additional contact information
Juan-Camilo Cárdenas Cárdenas: Universidad de los Andes, Postal: Facultad de Economía, Universidad de los Andes, Cra. 1 No. 18A -10. Edificio C, Oficina C105, Bogotá, Colombia
Anna Dreber Dreber: Institute for Financial Research (SIFR), Postal: Institute for Financial Research, Drottninggatan 89, SE-113 60 Stockholm, Sweden,
Emma von Essen: Dept. of Economics, Stockholm University, Postal: Department of Economics, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Eva Ranehill: Stockholm School of Economics, Postal: Department of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics, P.O Box 6501, SE-113 83 Stockholm , Sweden

Abstract: This paper compares cooperation among Columbian and Swedish children aged 9-12. We illustrate the dynamics of the prisoner’s dilemma in a new task that is easily understood by children and performed during a physical education class. We find some evidence that children cooperate more in Sweden than in Colombia. Girls in Colombia are less cooperative than boys, whereas our results indicate the opposite gender gap in Sweden. On average, children are more cooperative with boys than with girls.

Keywords: Cooperation; children; gender differences; experiment

JEL-codes: C91; D03; J16

10 pages, First version: April 11, 2011. Revised: June 12, 2012.

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