Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Research Papers in Economics,
Stockholm University, Department of Economics

No 2014:6: Gender and economic preferences in a large random sample

Anne Boschini (), Anna Dreber (), Emma von Essen (), Astri Muren () and Eva Ranehill ()
Additional contact information
Anne Boschini: Linköping University, Postal: Department of Economics, Linköping University, 581 83 Linköping, Sweden
Anna Dreber: Stockholm School of Economics, Postal: Department of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics, S-113 83 Stockholm, Sweden
Emma von Essen: Aarhus University, Postal: Department of Economics and Business, Aarhus University, DK-8210 Aarhus V, Denmark
Astri Muren: Dept. of Economics, Stockholm University, Postal: Department of Economics, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Eva Ranehill: University of Zurich, Postal: Department of Economics, University of Zurich, Blümlisalpstrasse 10, CH-8006 Zurich

Abstract: We explore gender differences in preferences related to altruism, fairness, cooperation, trust, coordination, risk and competitiveness in an experiment with a large random sample of the Swedish population. In addition to a baseline treatment, we have treatments where participants are primed with their gender or know the counterpart’s gender. We find no behavioral differences between treatments, but some gender differences within specific treatments: men are in some instances less generous, more trusting, and more competitive than women. Aside from a lack of gender differences in risk taking, our results are roughly in line with previous literature.

Keywords: Gender differences; Random sample; Social preferences; Risk-taking; Competitiveness; Dictator games; Priming; Experiment

JEL-codes: C91; C93; J16

58 pages, October 23, 2014

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