Ulrika Vikman: Uppsala Center for Labor Studies, Postal: Department of Economics, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
Abstract: This paper examines if the probability of leaving unemployment changes for unemployed parents with young children when childcare is available. To investigate this, I use the heterogeneity among Swedish municipalities before the implementation of a 2001 Swedish childcare reform making it mandatory for municipalities to o er childcare to unemployed parents for at least 15 hours per week. In the study di erence-in-di erences and di erence-in-di erence-indi erences methods are used. The results indicate a positive e ect on the probability of leaving unemployment for mothers when childcare is available, but no e ect is found for fathers. For mothers, some heterogeneous e ects are also found, with a greater e ect on the probability of leaving unemployment for work when childcare is available for mothers with only compulsory schooling or university education and mothers with two children.
46 pages, May 6, 2010
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