() and Bertil Holmlund
Susanne Ek: Uppsala Center for Labor Studies, Postal: Department of Economics, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
Bertil Holmlund: Uppsala Center for Labor Studies, Postal: Department of Economics, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
Abstract: Conventional measures of unemployment do not capture all dimensions of joblessness. A case in point is underemployment among employed workers, also frequently referred to as parttime unemployment. Workers in this category are employed during a survey week but are unable to work as many hours as they wish. An ILO-resolution from 1998 defines underemployment as comprising persons in employment who (i) are willing to work additional hours, (ii) are available to work additional hours, and (iii) worked less than a threshold relating to working time. Underemployment accounts for a non-negligible fraction of the labor force in most countries, although it is typically somewhat lower in magnitude than the conventional measure of unemployment. By the end of 2009, part-time unemployment stood at almost 5 percent of the labor force in the OECD area.
78 pages, September 29, 2010
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