Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
Uppsala University, Department of Economics

No 2001:21: Time for Children, a Study of Parents’ Time Allocation

Daniel Hallberg () and Anders Klevmarken ()
Additional contact information
Daniel Hallberg: Department of Economics, Postal: Uppsala University, P.O. Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
Anders Klevmarken: Department of Economics, Postal: Uppsala University, P.O. Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden

Abstract: Process benefit scores indicates that time with own children is preferred before all other activities, closely followed by market work. The trade-off between parents’ time with their own kids and market work, and its dependence on out-of-home day-care is analyzed in a simultaneous equation framework. Our empirical results suggest that parents’ decisions about market work and time with children are strongly interdependent. Economic incentives work primarily through decisions about market work, while the direct effects on time with kids are weak. The results suggest that a change in the mother’s work hours influences less the parents’ time with their children than a change in the father’s work hours does. This would imply that a policy working to increase the time with own children should primarily influence the father’s work hours. We also find that parents prefer joint activities with children, and that out-of-home child-care is not chosen as a substitute for own time with kids.

Keywords: Time-use; child-care; family economics; simultaneous equation system; three-stage least squares; process benefits

JEL-codes: C50; D10; J13; J22

31 pages, November 7, 2001

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2001wp21.pdf PDF-file 
2001wp21tabl.pdf PDF-file Tables

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