Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
Uppsala University, Department of Economics

No 2002:1: Temporary Work in Turbulent Times: The Swedish Experience

Bertil Holmlund () and Donald Storrie
Additional contact information
Bertil Holmlund: Department of Economics, Postal: Uppsala University, P.O. Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
Donald Storrie: CELMS, Postal: Department of Economics, Göteborg University, Box 640, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden

Abstract: Sweden has experienced a substantial increase in temporary work over the 1990s, with most of the rise occurring during a severe macroeconomic recession with mass unemployment. By the early 1990s, workers on fixed-term contracts accounted for 10 percent of the number of employees; by the end of the decade they accounted for 16 percent. The paper presents the Swedish institutional setting, documents basic stylised facts about fixed-term contracts, and discusses the causes of their increased prevalence. Our analysis reveals that open-ended and temporary employment exhibit strikingly different cyclical behaviour with temporary employment being more volatile. A recession is associated with an initial decline in temporary employment followed by a sharp rise from the trough to the end of the recession. We argue that the severe recession of the 1990s is a major factor behind the rise in temporary work in Sweden. Adverse macroeconomic conditions make firms more prone to offer fixed-term contracts and workers more willing to accept them.

Keywords: Temporary jobs; Labour market dynamics; Unemployment

JEL-codes: E32; J64

34 pages, December 4, 2001

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2002wp1.pdf PDF-file 

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