Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics

Working Paper Series,
Uppsala University, Department of Economics

No 2006:4: The Distribution of Wealth in Sweden: Trends and Driving factors

N. Anders Klevmarken ()
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N. Anders Klevmarken: Department of Economics, Postal: Uppsala University, P.O. Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden

Abstract: Reviewing trends in the Swedish distribution of wealth it is demonstrated that the baby-boom cohorts have become relatively wealthy, both in terms of private wealth and in claims on the pension system. Results from a simulation model suggest that the elderly in the future will no longer belong to the relatively poor. They will though become relatively vulnerable to swings in the financial markets because a large share of their wealth is in the form of financial assets.This paper also argues that private life-cycle savings have been relatively weak in Sweden, while most of these kind of savings have been done through the public and collective pension systems. We see, however, indications of increasing life-cycle savings.

Keywords: Distribution of wealth; portfolio composition; notional pension wealth; baby-boom cohorts; liabilities; financial assets

JEL-codes: D31

20 pages, January 19, 2006

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