Working papers in Transport Economics
The causes and effects of declining driver license holdings in Sweden
Abstract: Car ownership and average annual mileage in Sweden has
stagnated at the levels that were reached at the turn of the century.
Driver licenses among the young (18-24) declined markedly during the first
part of the 1990s, mainly as an effect of a severe economic recession.
However, among citizens born in Sweden most of the gap compared to those
who reached “driving age” before the crises had disappeared at the age of
35-39. A much lower rate of license holding among people born abroad, who
make up 20 per cent of the Swedish population aged 15-39, explains most of
the remaining difference for the population as a whole. The gender gap is
small among people born in Sweden but large among those who immigrated from
non-EU countries. The declining rate of license holding should not
mistakenly be regarded a sign of Peak Car as changing priorities and better
economic means may make second generation immigrants much more prone to
acquire a license than their parents.
Keywords: Driver license; Holdings; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: R40; (follow links to similar papers)
14 pages, June 17, 2014
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