Working Paper Series
IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy
Trading off or having it all? Completed fertility and mid-career earnings of Swedish men and women
(), Christina Håkanson
(), Åsa Rosén and Anna Sjögren
Abstract: Earnings in mid-career and children are two fundamental
outcomes of the life-choices of men and women. Both require time and other
resources and reflect the accumulated priorities of individuals and
couples. We explore how these outcomes have changed for Swedish men and
women born 1945-1962 by documenting changes in education, assortative
mating patterns, completed fertility and mid-career earnings. We find an
overall increasing inequality in career and family outcomes of men,
reflecting a rise in the family-career complementarity. For women, the
family-career trade-off has eased for non-professionals, and there appears
to be a convergence in the life-choices of women across education groups.
Despite these different developments for men and women, we find that
within-family specialization, measured by the average spousal earnings
contribution, is remarkably stable through the period.
Keywords: Fertility; mid-career earnings; education; gender; assortative mating; family-career trade-off; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: J12; J13; J16; J24; (follow links to similar papers)
47 pages, September 28, 2011
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