Working Papers, Swedish National Road & Transport Research Institute (VTI)
Is sick absence related to commuting travel time? - Swedish Evidence Based on the Generalized Propensity Score Estimator
() and Gunnar Isacsson
Abstract: This paper focuses on the effects of commuting time on
sickness insurance utilization by applying a generalized propensity score
estimator to a large sample of Swedish employees. We analyse the effect of
commuting time both on the probability of using sickness insurance at all
and on the probability that an individual on sick leave is on so-called
partial sick leave rather than being completely absent from work. Insurance
utilization is in both cases defined as being ill for more than 14 days.
The results indicate, in general, that individuals do not use sickness
insurance because of their commuting time. However, commuting time seems to
increase the risk of being on sick leave among females with relatively low
annual wage earnings. The results indicate, furthermore, a relatively weak
and negative relationship between the probability of being on partial sick
leave and commuting time in the group of individuals who have utilized
sickness insurance. The latter result applies to both men and women.
Keywords: Commuting time; Sick absence; General propensity score estimator; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: C21; H55; (follow links to similar papers)
31 pages, May 15, 2009
Before downloading any of the electronic versions below
you should read our statement on
for viewing Postscript files and the
Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing pdf files.
Full text versions of the paper:
Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Mats Berggren ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson ()
or Helena Lundin ().
Design by Joachim Ekebom